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The Moroccan Kaftan in its Variety

Culture
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14/5/2021
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Moroccan apparel has evolved over the centuries and is now available in different forms. However, it retains its own characteristics, namely the sfifa and the aakad. It is a garment steeped in history and therefore has many variants.

The caftan π‘²π’‰π’“π’Šπ’ƒ

Brocade kaftan made by the Bencherif family in Fez. The word ''Khrib'' would mean ''the one who ruins'' because formerly, this brocade was extremely expensive. It is characterized by its yellow colour and by many embroidered roses

The caftan 𝑩𝒂𝒉𝒋𝒂


Caftan of brocade with flowery patterns also made by the Bencherif family. Luxurious, it was famous in Fez and Marrakech. The brocade was taken up and reused for the decoration of the interiors of the houses.

The caftan 𝑡𝒕𝒂𝒂

Caftan made of silk velvet, often black or dark green, embroidered with gold thread (sqalli). This caftan takes its name from the NtaΓ’ embroidery (tarz), characterised by the appearance of floral and/or peacock motifs

Nowadays, the dress is worn by the bride on the day of the henna.

The caftan of Tetouan

A short, loose fitting caftan often worn over a waistcoat ( π‘ π‘Žπ‘‘π‘Ÿπ‘–π‘Ž ). It is woven on velvet, brocade or silk. Embroidered with gold thread, it has a distinctive decorative element on the breastplate called "Khanjar" (dagger).

Sadria worn under the Tetouan caftan πŸ‘‡πŸΌ

The caftan of Rabat

Embroidered garnet velvet caftan decorated with gold thread braids. Often worn without a belt, this caftan is accompanied by the famous Touqida (conical headdress).

The caftan of SalΓ©

Long-sleeved velvet caftan in dark colours. It is distinguished by its gold thread embroidery according to the Tarz maΓ’llem technique.

The Oujda caftan

Short-sleeved silk velvet caftan embroidered with soutaches, braids and gold threads. It has two ovoid motifs on either side. It was especially worn during wedding ceremonies.

The modern caftan

It keeps the traditional codes of the caftan (sfifa and aakad) but leaves more room for reinterpretation. The designers revisit it and play with the cuts but also with the fabrics (silk, brocade, lace, etc.), the embroidery, etc.

The caftan π‘±π’‚π’˜π’‰π’‚π’“π’‚

Luxurious caftan in silk fabric. It is characterised by its successive bands accompanied by floral motifs. Worn for various ceremonies, it is one of the most popular caftans in Morocco.

π‘»π’‚π’Œπ’„π’‰π’Šπ’•π’‚ / π‘΄π’‚π’π’”π’π’–π’“π’Šπ’‚

The Takchita consists of at least two pieces unlike the caftan. The 1st is 𝘡𝘒𝘩𝘡π˜ͺ𝘺𝘒 and the 2nd is called 𝘧𝘰𝘢𝘲π˜ͺ𝘒 or π˜₯𝘧π˜ͺ𝘯𝘒 (both synonyms of the original word Mansouria in reference to Sultan Al Mansour).

Caftan Makhzani [♂️]

It designates the caftan worn by the scholars and by the high officials of the Makhzen. It is composed of a caftan of sheet often of white colour and of a light and transparent fabric (called Mansouria or farajiya).

Caftan Makhzani [♀️]

The princely caftan, that of the women, is worn by the royal family and is enhanced by abundant decorations of soutaches, braids, and cut in luxurious fabrics: velvet, brocades of great price etc...

π‘²π’”π’˜π’‚ 𝒍'π‘²π’ƒπ’Šπ’“π’‚ (big dress)

Caftan for the Jewish city woman. It is made of green or red velvet and embroidered with gold threads. It consists of a bib, a corselet, petticoats, a skirt, a silk belt, sleeves, a scarf and a crown.

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