Moroccan apparel has evolved over the centuries and is now available in different forms. However, it retains its own characteristics, namely the sfifa and the aakad. It is a garment steeped in history and therefore has many variants.
The caftan 𝑲𝒉𝒓𝒊𝒃
Brocade kaftan made by the Bencherif family in Fez. The word ''Khrib'' would mean ''the one who ruins'' because formerly, this brocade was extremely expensive. It is characterized by its yellow colour and by many embroidered roses
The caftan 𝑩𝒂𝒉𝒋𝒂
Caftan of brocade with flowery patterns also made by the Bencherif family. Luxurious, it was famous in Fez and Marrakech. The brocade was taken up and reused for the decoration of the interiors of the houses.
The caftan 𝑵𝒕𝒂𝒂
Caftan made of silk velvet, often black or dark green, embroidered with gold thread (sqalli). This caftan takes its name from the Ntaâ embroidery (tarz), characterised by the appearance of floral and/or peacock motifs
Nowadays, the dress is worn by the bride on the day of the henna.
The caftan of Tetouan
A short, loose fitting caftan often worn over a waistcoat ( 𝑠𝑎𝑑𝑟𝑖𝑎 ). It is woven on velvet, brocade or silk. Embroidered with gold thread, it has a distinctive decorative element on the breastplate called "Khanjar" (dagger).
Sadria worn under the Tetouan caftan 👇🏼
The caftan of Rabat
Embroidered garnet velvet caftan decorated with gold thread braids. Often worn without a belt, this caftan is accompanied by the famous Touqida (conical headdress).
The caftan of Salé
Long-sleeved velvet caftan in dark colours. It is distinguished by its gold thread embroidery according to the Tarz maâllem technique.
The Oujda caftan
Short-sleeved silk velvet caftan embroidered with soutaches, braids and gold threads. It has two ovoid motifs on either side. It was especially worn during wedding ceremonies.
The modern caftan
It keeps the traditional codes of the caftan (sfifa and aakad) but leaves more room for reinterpretation. The designers revisit it and play with the cuts but also with the fabrics (silk, brocade, lace, etc.), the embroidery, etc.
The caftan 𝑱𝒂𝒘𝒉𝒂𝒓𝒂
Luxurious caftan in silk fabric. It is characterised by its successive bands accompanied by floral motifs. Worn for various ceremonies, it is one of the most popular caftans in Morocco.
𝑻𝒂𝒌𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒕𝒂 / 𝑴𝒂𝒏𝒔𝒐𝒖𝒓𝒊𝒂
The Takchita consists of at least two pieces unlike the caftan. The 1st is 𝘵𝘢𝘩𝘵𝘪𝘺𝘢 and the 2nd is called 𝘧𝘰𝘶𝘲𝘪𝘢 or 𝘥𝘧𝘪𝘯𝘢 (both synonyms of the original word Mansouria in reference to Sultan Al Mansour).
Caftan Makhzani [♂️]
It designates the caftan worn by the scholars and by the high officials of the Makhzen. It is composed of a caftan of sheet often of white colour and of a light and transparent fabric (called Mansouria or farajiya).
Caftan Makhzani [♀️]
The princely caftan, that of the women, is worn by the royal family and is enhanced by abundant decorations of soutaches, braids, and cut in luxurious fabrics: velvet, brocades of great price etc...
𝑲𝒔𝒘𝒂 𝒍'𝑲𝒃𝒊𝒓𝒂 (big dress)
Caftan for the Jewish city woman. It is made of green or red velvet and embroidered with gold threads. It consists of a bib, a corselet, petticoats, a skirt, a silk belt, sleeves, a scarf and a crown.